Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Research  

I am proficient in multiple research methodologies, including quantitative research,  qualitative research, literature review, and landscape analyses. I am also trained in conducting mixed methods research, which purposefully combine multiple research methods to answer complex research problems. 

  • Quantitative research methods quantify health and social effects in populations and address questions like “how much” or “whether,” allowing researchers generate data that may be generalizable and used for standard comparisons.
  • Qualitative research methods allow in-depth exploration of health and social effects and address questions like “why” or “how,” allowing researchers to systematically understand stories behind numbers.
  • Mixed methods research (also called mixed research or integrated research) looks at the intentional combining of multiple research methods within a particular study, traditionally combining both quantitative and qualitative approaches. (See Johnson et al., 2007 for examples.)
  • Mixed methods research is useful in program design and evaluation, and can help triangulate study findings, improve study validity, support the initiation of new ideas, and broaden appeal to a wider audience.


  • At the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, I led a global landscape exercise on child marriage and gender-based violence, including 80+ stakeholder interviews and literature review, resulting in approval for a learning agenda from the CEO.
  • I was Principal Investigator on “Girl Child Marriage, Health, and Well-Being in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Mixed Methods Investigation,” combining quantitative and qualitative research to understand the health and developmental consequences of girl child marriage across sub-Saharan Africa.
  • As a Field Research Assistant, I supported economists in developing a family planning intervention by leading qualitative data collection in Burundi on women’s childbearing and work practices.
  • Working with the Open Society Initiative for East Africa and the former Harvard Program on International Health and Human Rights, I coordinated qualitative and quantitative data collection for the first health and human rights program evaluation on HIV/AIDS and gender violence in Kenya.
  • I have taken several quantitative research methods courses through the Harvard School of Public Health and Harvard Graduate School of Education.